Internationalization of Scientific Research and Cooperation: Governance of the System from the Perspective of Stakeholder Theory


The Interdisciplinary Journal of Human and Social Studies, Vol.1, issue 2, p.14-24, 2022
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  • Research paper

Abstract

Over the past few decades, all components of the public administration have undergone transformations that have led to a reevaluation of several ideas. The main change revolves around increasingly open and flexible boundaries due to the proliferation of actors and partners, necessitating changes in operating methods that are becoming more decentralized and horizontal. This dynamic process is often challenging to grasp, particularly for the national system of scientific research and innovation. In this perspective, stakeholders engage in cross-cutting relationships that impact each other within this system, interact, and exert varying degrees of influence, notably through cooperation where each partner seeks to promote the approach that best aligns with their needs. These partners encompass all categories that can support and strengthen the system, providing technical and financial support, among other forms. This necessitates that the system and its components consider, in a broader sense, the expectations and needs of its environment, beyond the simple pursuit of efficiency prescribed by the New Public Management (NPM) paradigm. Hence, the relevance of stakeholder theory in conjunction with the systemic approach within the framework of this study.

Keywords

Public Governance, Stakeholders, Systemic Approach, New Public Management, Cooperation

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Publication date:

30 August 2022

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